A citation is all that is usually needed for university coursework (e.g. research papers and class presentations).
ECU graduate students writing a thesis or a dissertation should contact rights holders to obtain permissions for any material beyond a reasonable quotation
(e.g. a paragraph from a book). Use of any graphics or forms should have permission obtained. The permission granting letter from the rights holder must be included
in the submission to the Graduate School.
Documents intended for a larger audience (e.g. journal articles, books, conference presentations, social media, personal websites) should receive a careful review for
copyright compliance. If you include charts, graphs, figures, photographs, multiple paragraphs of text, test instruments or surveys from another work, or video or music
clips, you should seriously consider contacting the respective rights holders to obtain permission to reprint, broadcast, or perform their works. When possible, it is always
better from a copyright perspective to link to the material on another site or to refer to it rather than reproducing it in your own work.
Some rights holders will require copyright royalties to be paid. If this is the case, you can either pay the fees or rethink your inclusion of the materials -- perhaps simply
referring to the text or song would not diminish your work too much. Contact the Copyright Officer if you have questions or would like assistance locating whom the rights holders are.